Processing Prosodic and Musical Patterns: A Neuropsychological Investigation ☆ ☆☆ b Départment Neiges, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Canada Abstract To explore the relationship between the processing of melodic and rhythmic patterns in speech and music, we tested the prosodic and musical discrimination abilities of two phrase pairs derived from the prosody of the sentence pairs. This novel technique was chosen to make task demands as comparable as possible across domains. One amusic subject showed good performance on both linguistic and musical discrimination tasks, while the other had difficulty with both tasks. In both subjects, level of performance was statistically similar across domains, suggesting shared neural resources for prosody and music. Further tests suggested that prosody and music may overlap in the processes used to maintain auditory patterns in working memory.
When the brain plays music: auditory–motor interactions in music perception and production
Robert J. motor activities, music performance requires precise timing of several hierarchically organized actions, as well as precise control over pitch interval production, implemented through diverse effectors according to the instrument involved. We review the cognitive neuroscience literature of both motor and auditory domains, highlighting the value of studying interactions between these systems in a musical context, and propose some ideas concerning the role of the premotor cortex in integration of higher order features of music with appropriately timed and organized actions.
The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Center For Complementary & Alternative Medicine or the National Institutes of Health. Related Event The Neurosciences and Music - IV Learning and Memory June 9-12, 2011, Assembly Hall & The Hub EDINBURGH, Scotland, UK The conference, promoted by the Mariani Foundation for Paediatric Neurology, is conceived as a continuation of the previous meetings on the relation between Music and the Neurosciences in which the Foundation participated in the last years. These conferences have been highly successful and have generated enormous excitement, both among established and new researchers. By providing the opportunity to present new results and exchange information, the meetings have contributed substantially to the growth of new research and collaborations in the neuroscience of music and to its visibility within the broader scientific community. The central theme of this fourth edition is "Learning and Memory". The program includes a Keynote Lecture, 9 Symposia, 3 Poster Sessions and 2 Workshops. The conference is of interest not only to neuroscientists, psychologists, clinical neurologists, clinical psychologists and therapists, but also to music performers and educators as well as musicologists. Poster Submission Deadline: March 15, 2011. Visit www.fondazione-mariani.org for submission instructions and further information